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Personalities > John James Ingalls
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Letter, J. I. [John Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: September 23, 1858

On the first leg of his move to Sumner, Kansas Territory, John J. Ingalls, a 24-year-old Massachusetts lawyer, wrote this brief letter from Boston, Mass., to his father, Elias T. Ingalls. Here Ingalls wrote regarding the fare and "the best method of getting West."

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; New York; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Transportation; Travel

Letter, J. I. [John Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: September 25, 1858

From the Angier House, Cleveland, Ohio, Ingalls wrote to tell his father of the journey to date, which had taken him through Buffalo, N.Y., and offered "the opportunity, long coveted, to visit Niagara Falls." Ingalls describes the train trip from Buffalo to Cleveland and Lake Erie.

Keywords: Buffalo, New York; Cleveland, Ohio; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Niagra Falls; Railroads; Steamboats; Transportation

Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: October 5, 1858

In this first, rather lengthy letter from Sumner, K.T., Ingalls recorded his "impressions" of St. Louis, Missouri, and detailed the combination rail and steamboat trip across Missouri to Kansas Territory. St. Louis had "a hasty, unfinished appearance," from Ingalls's perspective, and "So much filth and poverty. . . ." He was delighted to leave that city and soon road the "Pacific Railroad" as far as Herman, Missouri, where he boarded the steamer "Duncan S. Carter," which is described in some detail, along with the trip up river. Ingalls arrived at his Kansas destination on Monday, October 4, 1858.

Keywords: Immigrants; Jefferson City, Missouri; Kansas City, Missouri; Missouri River; Pacific railroads; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Transportation

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: January 2, 1859

From Lawrence, K.T., where he went to lobby the territorial legislature on behalf of Sumner's city charter and a "Pikes Peak Express Company," John J. Ingalls wrote to tell his father about the journey that took him through Leavenworth. He made some interesting observations about the condition of the roads and the general discomfort involved in overland travel ("The coaches are constructed with special reference to safety in passing over corduroy roads, through sloughs and ravines, having no regard whatever to the comfort of the passengers."), as well as nice descriptions of both cities, Leavenworth and Lawrence.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Eldridge House; Ferries; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Kansas Legislature; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Roads; Stagecoaches; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Territorial government; Transportation; Wakarusa River

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: January 26, 1859

From Lawrence, January 26, 1859, Ingalls began this letter with a description of the territory's pleasant weather, but focused on the activities of the legislature and the status of slavery in Kansas. He was serving as clerk of the "Senate," while looking after Sumner affairs.

Keywords: African Americans; Boundaries - Kansas Territory; Civil rights; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Kansas Territory. Legislature - Lawrence; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Slaves in Kansas Territory; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Territorial government; Weather

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: October 7, 1860

In this rather lengthy letter from his home in Sumner, Ingalls commented on many different facets of his personal and professional life to date in Kansas Territory and about his prospects for the future; these included his law practice (now mostly in Atchison), his interest in journalism and politics, and his interest in a variety of speculative opportunities. The future of Kansas looked good to Ingalls, despite continued problems with drought that was forcing many to sell out.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Journalism; Land speculation; Lawyers; Sumner, Kansas Territory

Photograph, John James Ingalls
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1858

A portrait of John James Ingalls. He came to the Kansas Territory in the late 1850s. Ingalls, a lawyer and politician, represented Atchison County at the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July, 1859. In January, 1860 and 1861, he was an officer of the council when the legislature met at Lecompton. At the Republican Convention at Lawrence, April, 1860, Ingalls was elected to represent the Kansas Territory at the Chicago National Convention. He later served in the Kansas and the United States Senate.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Photographs and Illustrations

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