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National Debate About Kansas

National Debate About Kansas > Responses to Activities in Kansas > Press coverage
14 Topic Specific Items
Letter of introduction for J. S. Emery as a reporter of the New York Daily Times
Author: Raymond, Wesley, and Company
Date: May 22, 1856

The generic letter indicated that Emery was a correspondent for the Daily Times to cover events in Kansas. It said that any assistance provided in helping him forward information from Kansas Territory would be viewed as a special favor.

Keywords: Emery, James Stanley; Journalists; New York; New York Daily Times; Newspapers

Page from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper
Author: No authors specified.
Date: October 4, 1856

This front page of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper is half-filled with an illustration of the "Free State Prisoners": George W. Brown, John Brown, Jr., Judge G.W. Smith, Charles Robinson, Gaius Jenkins, Henry Williams, and George Deitzler, at their camp near Lecompton, Kansas Territory. All had been arrested during the past May, either for charges of treason or for bearing arms against the Government.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Brown, John, Jr.; Deitzler, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Illustrations; Jenkins, Gaius; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, George W.; Williams, Henry H.

Letter, James H. Greene to Capt. John Brown
Author: Greene, James H.
Date: March 24, 1857

James Greene, who had spent two years in Kansas himself, wrote from his Jefferson (hometown of Senator Benjamin F. Wade), Ashtabula Co., Ohio, newspaper office (Ashtabula Sentinel) to inform his friend that he would be publishing Brown's circular "soliciting aid for Kansas" and to ask what Brown's future plans were. The news from the territory was not good, according to Greene, and he wondered if there would be war or peace. Greene was still hopeful that the "free state men will eventually triumph," but most of his neighbors believed Kansas "will be a Slave State."

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Giddings, Joshua R. (Joshua Reed), 1795-1864; Greene, James H.; Herald of Freedom; Press; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Wade, Benjamin Franklin

Page from Harper's Weekly, "Famous Places in Kansas"
Author: No authors specified.
Date: June 6, 1857

This page, taken from an issue of Harper's Weekly, features engraving illustrations of the Governor's Mansion in Lecompton, Kansas Territory, and James Lane's fort on Mount Oread, near Lawrence, Kansas Territory. A caption explains the history of each structure and the personalities who frequent them.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Mount Oread; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

Letter, A. [Alson] C. Davis to J. A. Halderman
Author: Davis, Alson C.
Date: June 19, 1857

Alson C. Davis, a Democrat legislator and party leader from Leavenworth (later Wyandotte) County, wrote from Wyandotte that he strongly favored "the establishment of a first class democratic paper" in Leavenworth. He believed this was vital "to the Cincinnati Platform Democracy" and was willing to pledge an additional $400 to the cause; a Mr. Beach had previously offered to give Halderman "a bonus of two thousand dollars" with which to start such a newspaper.

Keywords: Davis, Alson C.; Democratic Party (U.S.); Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Partisan press; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory

Henry J. Raymond, New York, NY to William Hutchinson
Author: Raymond, Henry J.
Date: September 18, 1857

Raymond, editor of the New York Times, denied Hutchinson's accusation that the Times did not actively support the Free State cause in Kansas because of his failure to publish all of Hutchinson's article submissions. Raymond requested that Hutchinson, who was a special correspondent for the Times, strive to produce unbiased articles about affairs in Kansas.

Keywords: Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; New York Daily Times; Raymond, Henry J.

Letter, P. S. Post to Judge J. A. Halderman
Author: Post, Philip Sidney
Date: September 23, 1857

With this letter, P. S. Post sent Halderman "some copies of the first no. of the 'Wyandott Citizen'--our new democratic paper." This was obviously the project A. C. Davis had corresponded with Halderman about the previous June, as Davis is commended for his support. This short-lived newspaper was edited by Ephraim Abbott. (In 1858 Post would be involved with the founding and publication of the Western Argus in Wyandotte.)

Keywords: Abbott, Ephraim; Davis, Alson C.; Democratic Party (U.S.); Halderman, John Adams; Journalism; Newspapers; Partisan press; Post, Philip Sidney; Wyandotte Citizen; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory

Henry J. Raymond, New York, NY to William Hutchinson
Author: Raymond, Henry J.
Date: October 10, 1857

Raymond, editor of the New York Times, speculated that Kansas would become a free state because President Buchanan would pursue such a course out of political necessity. Raymond criticized the extremism of the Free State activists in Kansas and requested that Hutchinson, who was a New York Times special correspondent, seek to report on Kansas affairs in a more balanced manner.

Keywords: Buchanan administration; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; New York Daily Times; Raymond, Henry J.

Henry J. Raymond, New York, NY to William Hutchinson
Author: Raymond, Henry J.
Date: December 18, 1857

Raymond, editor of the New York Times, enclosed a statement itemizing Hutchinson's columns published in the New York Times newspaper in the fall of 1857. Raymond expressed his support for the free state cause in the "Lecompton swindle" but cautioned Hutchinson against any violence.

Keywords: Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; New York Daily Times; Raymond, Henry J.; Violence

Agreement, Articles of agreement made . . .
Author: Halderman, John Adams
Date: April 30, 1858

Dated April 30, 1858, and executed in Leavenworth, this handwritten document was an "agreement made and entered into" by John Adams Halderman and Hugh Ewing, representing the Leavenworth Journal, and C. H. McLaughlin and William B. Hutchison to lease all the newspaper equipment for $25 per month. Among other more technically oriented conditions of the lease pertaining to the upkeep of the business, McLaughlin and Hutchinson agreed "to make it a free-state Democratic paper, sustaining the ___ ___ course of Senator Douglas . . ."

Keywords: Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861; Ewing, Hugh; Free state Democrats; Halderman, John Adams; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Leavenworth Journal; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; McLaughlin, C. H.; Newspapers

Letter, John Vansickle to Dear Father
Author: Vansickle, John H.
Date: December 28, 1858

John Vansickle wrote from Bourbon County, Kansas Territory, to his father back East. Vansickle advised him not to travel to the Territory to visit him in light of recent events. Vansickle referred to the release of Benjamin Rice by James Montgomery and a band of free state men. Rice had been in a Fort Scott prison for killing a proslavery man. Shortly thereafter, according to Vansickle, John Brown entered Missouri, freed slaves and stole property. He also told his father that the newspapers communicated little of the story, as victims of crimes and anyone whose opinion was published would be subject to mob violence.

Keywords: Battles; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Little, J. H.; Newspapers; Rice, Benjamin; Vansickle, John H.; Xenia, Kansas Territory

Letter, J. B. Woodward to S. N. Wood
Author: Woodward, J. B.
Date: December 2, [1860]

From Junction City, Woodward wrote to inform Wood that he (Woodward) was "elated with the idea" that Wood might move his newspaper to Junction City and promised to do all he could to support the paper if the relocation came about. According to Woodward his town needed "a Press just as rabid and saucy as yours" that could effectively counter opposition. Reference was made to a "Geery," apparently H. T. Geery, who switched to the Democratic Party and started a Junction City newspaper. This may have been the Kansas Frontier, which was published by H.N. Short and H.T. Geery at least by the spring of 1861. (Only two extant copies exist; the first is vol. 1, no. 8, May 25, 1861.)

Keywords: Davis County, Kansas Territory; Democratic Party (U.S.); Geary County, Kansas; Geery, H. T.; Junction City, Kansas Territory; Kansas Frontier; Newspapers; Partisan press; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )

Photograph, James Redpath
Author: No authors specified.

James Redpath came to Kansas Territory as a reporter for the New York Tribune, but he soon became a participant in the free state cause. He was involved with John Brown and wrote a biography on him that was published in 1860. He reported on the free state movement in Topeka.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Card photographs; Free state cause; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Journalists; Photographs and Illustrations; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)

Photograph, Horace Greeley
Author: No authors specified.

Horace Greeley was editor of the New York Tribune during the Kansas territorial era. He actively supported the free state cause in Kansas through editorials as well as coming to Kansas in 1859. He advocated resistance to the implementation of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and was involved in the founding of the Republican Party.

Keywords: Free state cause; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Journalists; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )

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