Immigration and Early SettlementImmigration and Early Settlement > The Economy > Law
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Author: Andrews, Christopher C.
Date: June 27, 1854
From Fort Leavenworth, C. C. Andrews wrote a short letter to inform Halderman that "nothing has transpired" at that location during the past week or so but he was certain "that the territory will be populated with a rapidity unparralleled [sic] in the rise of states." Andrews also was sure that men in the legal profession, such as Andrews himself and Halderman, would do quite well financially.
Keywords: Andrews, Christopher C.; Emigration and immigration; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Migration, internal; Settlement
Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Author: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: April 30, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott of Dayton, Ohio, regarding his current economic situation. Marcus was quitting his private law practice for lack of demand, and remarked that there was "little chance of fair play in the courts" anyway. He intended to invest in real estate, and asked his brother and father for any money they might spare. Marcus also referred to a mass migration of men from Alabama, lead by Major Buford, who had come to settle in K.T. in support of slavery.
Keywords: Buford, Jefferson; Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Real estate investment; Town development
Letter, Wilson Shannon to John A. Halderman
Author: Shannon, Wilson , 1802-1877
Date: January 4, 1857
Wilson Shannon, an Ohio Democrat who preceded John W. Geary as governor of KT (August 1856--August 1857) and was considered a proslave partisan, wrote Halderman from Lecompton regarding some legal matters--specifically, "some land warrants" being sent to Halderman in Leavenworth. Obviously, Halderman the attorney was trusted and respected by men on both sides of the political imbroglio.
Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Land titles; Lawyers; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Ohio; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877
Legal Document, Power of Attorney to John A. Halderman
Author: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: April 27, 1857
A. H. Reeder gave his "Power of Attorney" to John A. Halderman, who had served him faithfully in various capacities since 1854, via this notarized, handwritten document dated April 27, 1857. It specifically detailed what this means in terms of the property holdings Reeder had in KT, etc."
Keywords: Halderman, John Adams; Lawyers; Legal profession (see Lawyers); Power of attorney; Real estate; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Speculation
Letter, Nath.. Pope Causin to Hiram Hill
Author: Causin, Nathanial Pope
Date: May 20, 1858
Nathaniel Pope Causin wrote from Washington to Hiram Hill in Williamsburgh, Massachusetts. Causin had received word from Robert Lawrence and Charles Chadwick of the land claim dispute between Hill and Robetaille, a Wyandot Indian. He confirmed that he would represent Hill in his lawsuit to maintain ownership of his claim. Causin awaited Robert Lawrence's arrival in Washington in order to proceed aggressively, but would continue making necessary contacts.
Keywords: Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Hill, Hiram; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Lawyers; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs
Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: November 21, 1858
Much of this interesting letter, dated November 21, 1858, from Sumner, describes the Ingalls law practice and the nature of a "frontier" court proceedings that often attracted "nearly all the population." According to Ingalls, "the chief difficulty arising [in the courts came] from the conflict of the two Codes, adopted by two hostile legislatures, each of which had adherents who call the other 'bogus.'" Ingalls also discussed the business of land sales, as something many successfully combine with the practice of law.
Keywords: Adams, Henry J.; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Coal; Courts; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Land sales; Lawyers; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Thanksgiving Day; Weather
Letter, Sherman [W. T.] & Ewing [Thomas] to Mess. Hart & Gordon
Author: Sherman & Ewing
Date: December 22, 1858
Typical of much of the legal correspondence represented in this collection, the Leavenworth firm of Sherman & Ewing wrote to clients in Piqua, Ohio, regarding efforts to collect an overdue debt. In this case it was from a young man named F. N. Hamlin, a partner in a Leavenworth shoe store.
Keywords: Courts; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Hamlin, F. N.; Lawsuits; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Piqua, Ohio; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; William H. Lee and Co.
Letter, W. T. Sherman to Robert Campbell
Author: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: January 13, 1859
For the Leavenworth law firm which was, after January 1, 1859, "Sherman Ewing & McCook," W. T. Sherman responded to correspondence regarding the collection of money owed from Robert Campbell of Saint Louis. One of the debtors in question was "Russell Majors & Waddell."
Keywords: Campbell, Robert; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Majors, Alexander, 1814-1900; McCook, Dan; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; St. Louis, Missouri; Waddell, William B.; Weston, Missouri
Letter, Sherman[W. T], Ewing [Thomas] & McCook to Mess. Walker, Williams & Miller
Author: Sherman, Ewing & McCook
Date: January 14, 1859
The day after writing to Robert Campbell regarding debt collections involving Russell, Majors & Waddell, the law firm contacted "Walker, Williams & Miller" of Weston, Missouri, about the amount owed because William Russell "could not pay the draft" but assured them that Walker, Williams & Miller "would promptly do so."
Keywords: Debt; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; McCook, Dan; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Walker, Williams & Miller; Weston, Missouri
Letter, W.T. Sherman to Robert Campbell
Author: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: January 17, 1859
This was another letter to Robert Campbell regarding the debt that Sherman, Ewing & McCook was trying to collect. With the others, this conveyed a sense of the legal and financial transactions that seemed to have been a major part of this firm's business and the financial activities of the territory.
Keywords: Campbell, Robert; Courts; Finance; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Salt Lake, Utah; Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Weston, Missouri
Legal deposition, Daniel Powell vs. Moses Grinter
Author: No authors specified.
Date: April 23, 1859
This is a written transcript of testimony given by Rial Hoisington for a lawsuit, Daniel Powell vs. Moses Grinter. Hoisington and Powell were hired as carpenters to build and repair for Grinter's ferry service. Grinter, a Kentucky man and one of the first white settlers in present-day Wyandotte County, was hired in 1829 to operate the ferry service which crossed the Kansas River, connecting the Delaware Reserve with the Shawnee Reserve. Troops traveling between Forts Leavenworth and Scott sometimes crossed the Kansas River on a ferry operated by Moses Grinter. Grinter married Annie Marshall, a Delaware Indian whose people had been relocated to the Fort Leavenworth Indian Agency in the early 1830s.
Keywords: Ferries; Grinter, Moses; Hoisington, Rial; Judd, Byron; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawsuits; Legal documents; Powell, Daniel; Stockton, J. Stillwell; Water transportation
Legal brief, Daniel Powell vs. Moses Grinter
Author: No authors specified.
Date: August 5, 1859
This document, prepared by J. Stillwell Stockton, attorney for defendant Moses Grinter in a lawsuit against Daniel Powell, outlines Grinter's defense. Grinter maintained that it was not he who owed money to Powell for damages to a ferry boat, but Powell who owed him. Grinter, a Kentucky man, had run the ferry at the Delaware Crossing of the Kansas River since 1830.
Keywords: Delaware crossing; Ferries; Grinter, Moses; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawsuits; Legal documents; Powell, Daniel; Stockton, J. Stillwell; Water transportation; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory
Letter, A. J. Beach to S. N. Wood
Author: Beach, A. J.
Date: April 22, 1860
Writing from Beach Valley (Rice Co.), K.T., A. J. Beach sought Wood's legal advice with regard to his options in a bridge dispute. It seemed that Beach had received a charter to build a toll bridge [over Cow Creek], and another party (William Edwards, et al) put up a "temporary" one before his was finished. They were now diverting traffic away from Beach's completed bridge. "I wish to know if anything can be done with them at law . . ."
Keywords: Beach Valley, Kansas Territory; Beach, A. J.; Lawsuits; Lawyers; Rice County, Kansas Territory; Toll bridges; Transportation; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)
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