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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > The Economy > Agriculture
5 Topic Specific Items
Tenant agreement, Thomas N. Stinson and Edward Hoogland
Author: Hoogland, Edward ; Stinson, Thomas N.
Date: March 17, 1856

Agreement in which Thomas N. Stinson agreed to rent twenty acres of land to Edward Hoogland in exchange for one-third of the crops produced on the land.

Keywords: Agriculture; Crops; Farm tenancy; Hoogland, Edward; Land tenure; Legal documents; Rent; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Stinson, Thomas N.; Tenant farming (see Farm tenancy)

Letter, T. H. Ellis to Mr. [Thomas N.] Stinson
Author: Ellis, T. H.
Date: April 23, 1856

T. H. Ellis reported that he left three plows at Thomas N. Stinson's home and requested that Stinson attempt to sell the plows at prices designated in the letter. Ellis told Stinson that he would receive a commission on the sales.

Keywords: Agriculture; Business; Commerce; Ellis, T. H.; Plows; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Stinson, Thomas N.

Letter, John James Ingalls to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: April 3, 1860

Ingalls devoted much of his April 3, 1860, letter from Sumner to the territory's agricultural prospects, which were still not particularly good: "Corn, pork, and hides" were Kansas's only exports, and they were not very profitable as prices were low. "Considerable attention," wrote Ingalls, "is being paid to the hemp crop" and the wheat seemed to be doing pretty well; various kinds of fruit also "flourishes. . . . I have never seen finer apples than the farmers across the river bring to market. . . . But little is raised in Kansas yet, though much attention is being given to 'orchardizing' this spring." Ingalls was actually considering a move to the Gold County (Colorado) for better business prospects.

Keywords: Agriculture; Business; Colorado gold fields; Crops; Economic conditions; Economic development; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Land speculation; Pikes Peak gold rush; Speculation; Statehood (see also Admission, Kansas); Telegraph

Letter, W. H. Powell to "Dear Sir" [James Blood]
Author: Powell, W. H.
Date: August 26, 1860

From Bloomington, Illinois, W. H. Powell, the Illinois State Superintendent of Public Instruction, wrote that he had noticed Blood's call for seed wheat for the "unfortunate settlers of Kansas," and he wondered if they would be interested in trading "for Stock--either Cattle or Stock Hogs." Powell offered to arrange shipment of 2000 bushels of "good seed wheat" immediately if a deal were struck. He wrote that farmers in his area were growing "Red Amber wheat, and that if Blood needed a character reference, he could contact "Mr. Lincoln at Springfield, where I reside, & who can vouch for my good faith &C."

Keywords: Blood, James; Crops; Droughts; Farmers; Free state settlers; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Springfield, Illinois

Letter, W. H. Powell to "Dear Sir" [James Blood]
Author: Powell, W. H.
Date: September 12, 1860

A Rev. Charles Reynolds, who wrote to Blood on the 7th and the 10th of September, had raised some $600-$700 in relief money and contacted Powell to ask him to purchase and ship some "winter wheat" to Kansas Territory. Writing from his home in Springfield, Powell indicated that he would do so "with pleasure" but the "best winter wheat" had just been sold. He intended to locate a good supply and ship it by railroad as soon as possible.

Keywords: Agriculture; Blood, James; Chicago, Illinois; Crops; National Kansas Committee; Railroads; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Springfield, Illinois; Transportation

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