Immigration and Early SettlementImmigration and Early Settlement > African-Americans
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Author: No authors specified.
These three handwritten bills of sale outline the terms and conditions of the sale of three different slaves, in transactions taking place from 1852-1859.
Keywords: African Americans; Bills of sale; Cowherd family; Cowherd, David; Proslavery activities; Slave bills of sale; Slaveholders; Slavery; Slaves
Receipt, William Patton's purchase of a slave
Author: Thornton, C.A.
Date: September 29, 1856
This handwritten receipt documents William Patton's purchase of a young slave girl, for which he paid $650.
Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Iowa Point, Kansas Territory; Patton, William; Prices; Slaveholders; Slavery; Slaves in Kansas Territory
Constitution of the Sumner Company
Author: Ingalls, John James
Date: April 3, 1857
The constitution of the Sumner Company may have been written by John J. Ingalls. It was adopted April 3, 1857. There are 17 articles and the object of the company was to build upon and improve a town site, situated upon the Missouri River on section 20, township 6 south, range 21 east of the 6th PM. The town site was named in honor of the Hon. Charles Sumner, Senator from Massachusetts.
Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Constitutions; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Sumner Town Company; Sumner, Kansas Territory
Article, "History, as Espounded by the Supreme Court"
Author: Plumb, Preston B.
Date: June 6, 1857
This article was printed in the very first edition of the Kanzas News, edited by Preston Plumb and printed in Emporia, Kansas Territory. It included excerpts taken from the May edition of Putnam's Monthly. The article documented the reaction of free soilers to the Dred Scott decision, which was passed by the Supreme Court in March 1857. Since he had lived on free soil for several years, Dred Scott had sued his master in an attempt to gain his freedom. However, the court determined that Dred Scott, and other slaves, were not legal citizens of the United States and therefore could not sue the government. As a result, Scott would remain a slave until his master voluntarily freed him shortly thereafter. This decision also annulled the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
Keywords: African Americans; Antislavery perspective; Dred Scott decision; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Scott, Dred; Slavery; Slaves; Taney, Roger B.; United States Government; United States. Constitution; United States. Supreme Court
Author: Williams, G. D.
Date: June 7, 1860
Wanted poster of two slaves from Saline County, Missouri. Includes the names and descriptions of the two slaves. Poster is on display in the Kansas Museum of History, Topeka, Kansas.
Keywords: African Americans; Broadsides; Fugitive slaves; Missouri; Money; Slavery; Slaves
Tintype of African American woman
Author: No authors specified.
Tintype of unidentified African American woman, circa 1860. This photo was passed down through generations of the Platt family. Jireh Platt was an active abolitionist in Mendon, Illinois. His sons Enoch and Luther, members of the Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony, settled in Wabaunsee County where they operated a station on the Underground Railroad. The Platts may have helped this woman escape to freedom. The fact that she is wearing a wedding ring is significant, as slaves weren't legally allowed to marry.
Keywords: Abolitionists; African Americans; Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony; Fugitive slaves; New Haven, Connecticut; Objects; Photographs and Illustrations; Platt, Enoch; Platt, Jireh; Platt, Luther H.; Underground railroad; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory
Harper's Weekly, Exoduster Illustrations
Author: Worrall, Henry
Date: July 5, 1879
Illustrations from Harper's Weekly magazine depicting Exodusters. As life in the South worsened for Blacks after the Civil War, many left for more promising lands. Thousands came to Kansas in a great exodus (hence the name "Exodusters") during the 1870s, attracted by the state's free-state reputation established during the territorial era. These three illustrations are captioned, "The Colored Exodus - - Scenes at Topeka, Kansas - - From Sketches by H. Worrall." Worrall was an early Kansas artist.
Keywords: African Americans; Exodusters; Immigration and early settlement; Objects; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement; Topeka, Kansas; Worrall, Henry
Sculpture of Slave Auction Block
Author: Douglas, Frederick I.
Carved figure inside a glass bottle, depicting a slave auction. Figure was carved by Frederick I. Douglas to represent a story passed down by his father, Thomas O. Douglas, who had been sold in a similar manner in Tennessee. Thomas Douglas was an Exoduster who settled in Wabaunsee County in 1879. His son Frederick's carvings won ribbons when exhibited at a Topeka fair in 1927.
Keywords: African Americans; Art; Artist; Douglas, Frederick I.; Douglas, Thomas Oliver; Exodusters; Objects; Slave auctions; Slavery; Slaves; Tennessee
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