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Border Disputes and Warfare

Border Disputes and Warfare > Military Organizations > U.S. Army
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Letter, Th. [Thomas] J. Wood, Capt. Cavalry, Comdg. to Govr. J. W. Denver
Author: Wood, Thomas J.
Date: May 16, 1858

Captain Thomas J. Wood, writing from Fort Scott, Kansas Territory to Governor James W. Denver, reported on the efforts of the U.S. Army to maintain order in southeast Kansas Territory. Capt. Wood stated that he planned to remove all troops from Fort Scott except a section of artillery and he suggested that there was no need to keep any troops in the area. The Marais des Cygnes massacre took place in Linn County on May 19, 1858, three days after Wood wrote this letter.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Military; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; United States. Army; Wood, Thomas J.

Citizens of Lawrence! L. Arms in area for negro hunting
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

This document warned the citizens of Lawrence that a U.S Marshal named L[eonard] Arms was searching Lawrence for slaves and that they had the right to keep him out of their homes.

Keywords: African Americans; Arms, Leonard; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Eldridge House; Fugitive Slave Law; Fugitive slaves; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Slavery; Slaves; United States marshals

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear General [James H. Lane]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 25, 1861

In this "Private" reply to his political rival, Ewing apparently responded to a request from Jim Lane for information about troops and munitions at Fort Leavenworth. Ewing provided some detailed information about this and about the local militia's readiness and strength. The troop strength at the fort was weak, but "Dragoons" from Fort Scott were expected soon: "If the Cavalry Companies come, all will be safe at the Fort. But we must have a force prepared to defend the City--& such preparation is our best guaranty for peace with our neighbors.

Keywords: Ammunition; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Firearms; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Military; Militia; United States. Army

Photograph, Colored Battery, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, c. 1864.
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1864

Carte de visite depicting a Colored Battery positioned in front of the guard house, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, c. 1864.

Keywords: African Americans; Military; Photographs and Illustrations

Photograph, Thomas John Wood
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

Portrait of Captain Thomas John Wood, U.S. Army, First Cavalry station at Fort Scott in 1858. Wood and a deputy U.S. marshall arrested members of Colonel Harvey's Free-State party after the Battle of Hickory Point. The captives are taken to Lecompton where they were imprisoned and charged with murder. About 20 of Harvey's soldiers were tried, convicted, and sentenced.

Keywords: Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Hickory Point, Battle of; Photographs and Illustrations; Wood, Thomas J.

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